Various factors contributed to the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1943, such as the easing of anti-Chinese sentiment in previous decades, the introduction of quota systems for immigrants of other nationalities that had rapidly increased in the United States, and the political consideration that the United States and China were allies during World War II. The excluded Chinese did not accept passive unfair treatment, but used all kinds of tools to challenge or circumvent the laws. One of those instruments was the American judicial system. Dethough they came from a country with no contentious tradition, Chinese immigrants quickly learned to use the courts as a place to fight for their rights and won numerous cases in which anti-China regulations were declared unconstitutional by state or federal courts. They were supported in their litigation by Frederick Bee, a Californian entrepreneur and lawyer who was one of the leading American defenders of the civil rights of Chinese immigrants, representing many of them in court from 1882 to 1892. They also protested racial discrimination in other places, such as the media and petitions. President Roosevelt had three goals to resolve the situation: to show Japan that California`s policies did not reflect the ideals of the entire country, to force San Francisco to repeal segregation policies, and to find a solution to the problem of immigration to Japan. Victor Metcalf, Minister of Trade and Labour, was sent to investigate the problem and force the repeal of the policy. He did not succeed because local officials wanted Japan to be excluded. Roosevelt tried to put pressure on the school board, but she would not give in. On the 15th.

In February 1907, the parties reached a compromise. If Roosevelt could ensure the suspension of Japanese immigration, the school board would allow Japanese-American students to attend public schools. The Japanese government did not want to harm its national pride or suffer humiliation as the Qing government did in China in 1882 through the Chinese Exclusion Act. The Japanese government has agreed to stop granting passports to workers who attempt to enter the United States unless those workers come to occupy a previously acquired home to join a relative; spouse; or child or take active control of a previously acquired farm. [10] Exclusion laws have had a dramatic impact on immigrants and Chinese communities. They have drastically reduced the number of Chinese immigrants to the United States and banned those who left from returning. According to the 1880 U.S. Census, there were 105,465 Chinese in the United States, up from 89,863 in 1900 and 61,639 in 1920. Chinese immigrants have been placed under enormous state control and have often been denied entry into the country for possible reasons. In 1910, the Angel Island immigration post was established in san Francisco Bay.

Upon arrival, a Chinese immigrant could be detained for weeks or even years before being allowed or denied entry. Chinese communities have also undergone dramatic changes. Families were forcibly separated and shops were closed. Due to the strict restrictions imposed on immigrant women and the tendency of young men to migrate alone, a largely single society has emerged. Under continued anti-China pressure, Chinatowns were established in urban cities, where the Chinese could retreat to their own cultural and social settlements. Many scholars explain the establishment of the Chinese Exclusion Act and similar laws as a product of the anti-Chinese movement prevalent in California in the second half of the 19th century. .